RISK FACTORS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION AT THE REGIONAL AND TEACHING HOSPITAL CENTER OF BORGOU (BENIN)

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Hodonou M. Adrien
Allode S Alexandre
Tobome S Romaric
Hounkponou-ahouingnan Fanny
Fatigba O Holden
Tamou Sambo Bio
Mensah AD Emile
Bankole Christelle HE
Atakpa Felix
Mehinto K. Delphin

Abstract

Introduction: The reduction of the SSI rate requires knowledge of its risk factors. Objective: To analyze the risk factors of SSI occurrence at CHD-B Methods: Prospective, descriptive and analytical study involving 603 patients undergoing general surgery (218) and obstetrics and gynecology (385) from 1st January to 31st July 2013. Results: 44 patients have developed SSI (7.3%). The SSI frequency was 12.8% in general surgery and 4.2% in gynecology-obstetrics (p significant). The mean age of patients developing SSI was 30.7 ± 15.8 years with a minimum and maximum 5 months and 70 years, respectively; and for general surgery patients, there were 23 men and 5 women (p not significant). The presence of preoperative infectious spot at admission (P = 0.003), the preoperative shaving of the site to be incised (p = 0.000), the ASA score (p = 0.000), the surgery contamination class (p = 0.000), and the NNIS score (p = 0.000) were all significantly related to SSI occurrence. Considering all these factors, the NNIS score ≥2 remained the predictive tool by multiplying by 3.4 the risk of SSI occurrence. Conclusion: NNIS score is the best SSI prediction tool at CHD-B.


KEYWORDS: Surgical site infection; Risk factor; NNIS score.

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How to Cite
Adrien, H. M., S Alexandre, A., S Romaric, T., Fanny, H.- ahouingnan, Holden, F. O., Sambo Bio, T., AD Emile, M., Christelle HE, B., Felix, A., & K. Delphin, M. (2017). RISK FACTORS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION AT THE REGIONAL AND TEACHING HOSPITAL CENTER OF BORGOU (BENIN). International Journal of Clinical and Biomedical Research, 3(1), 1-4. Retrieved from https://www.sumathipublications.com/index.php/ijcbr/article/view/128